Dakar, 28-30 June 2010

Promoting Resilience through Social Protection in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Conference builds on country-specific studies as well as on regional research on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to address the key question of which types of social protection have worked and/or are expected to work best for the region. Some of the major challenges facing social protection design and implementation in SSA such as chronic poverty, state fragility, financial viability and donor involvement are addressed.

The ERD-project is financially supported by the European Commission and seven Member States: France, Finland, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

Novotel Dakar
Avenue Abdoulaye Fadiga
Dakar – Senegal




Opening remarks

Welcome address

Giorgia Giovannetti (European University Institute and University of Florence)
Seynabou Diallo (European Commission Delegation to Senegal)
Diery Seck (Crepol)
Michel Balima (Centre régional de Dakar du PNUD)

Social Protection in EU Development Cooperation: A Brief Overview
Nicolas Gérard (European Commission DG Development and
Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific States)

Introduction and Brief Presentation of ERD “Overcoming Fragility in Africa”
Giorgia Giovannetti (European University Institute and University of Florence)


Session 1 – Social Protection in Africa: Conceptualization and Overview

Chair: Rachel Sabates-Wheeler (IDS)

Abena Oduro (University of Ghana)
Formal and Informal Social Protection in Africa [Update Sept 2010]

Jimi Adésinà (Rhodes University)
Rethinking the Social Protection Paradigm: Social Policy in Africa’s Development [Update Sept 2010]

Discussants: Luca Alinovi (FAO)
Wouter van Ginneken (Consultant)


Coffee break


New Faces for African Development: Introduction and
Poster Presentations – Session 1

Laura Alfers (University of Kwa-Zulu Natal and WIEGO)
Occupational health and safety for informal workers in Ghana: A case study of market and street traders in Accra

Aua Balde (Harvard University)
The case of Talibe children: Unveiling one of the faces of West-African poverty

Henning de Klerk (Rhodes University)
Heading in every direction: women, households and making a living in South Africa’s former homeland rural areas

Gaoussou Diarra (CERDI)
Good governance and Samaritan dilemma in multilateral aid allocation:
What consequences for inequalities and social protection in Africa?

Ignatius Gutsa (University of Zimbabwe)
An ethnography of the impact of climate change, HIV and AIDS on the elderly’s access to social services. The case of Chivi district

Aderiran D. Ikumola (University of Ibadan)
The socio-economic implication of climatic change, desert encroachment and communal conflicts in Northern Nigeria

Joy M. Kiiru (University of Nairobi)
Remittances and Poverty in Kenya

Gloria Momoh (University of Ibadan)
Social protection for children orphaned by AIDS in Nigeria:
Challenges and prospects

Patrick M. Nga Ndjobo (Université de Yaoundé II)
L’éducation dans les pays de la Zone CEMAC est-elle épargnée
par la crise financière internationale?

Kolawole E. Omomowo (Rhodes University)
Atypical work and social protection in post-apartheid South Africa:
Preliminary thoughts about social policy imperative

Ousmane Traore (NPTCI)
Analyse efficacité equité de la contribution des Mutuelles de Santé dans l’offre de santé publique au Burkina Faso: Cas d’un mutuelle de la Region du Centre

Chrystelle Tsafack Temah (UNECA)
Structural vulnerability and social protection in Central Africa:
Existing mechanisms and how to improve them

Eric H. Yeboah (University of Birmingham)
Achieving poverty reduction and institutional sustainability through a
contextual sustainability approach

Urbain T. Yogo (Université de Yaoundé II)
Capital social et protection sociale: les évidences camerounaises de la relation




Session 2 – Social Protection in Sub-Saharan Africa: Regional Focus

Chair: Arjan de Haan (ISS)

Anna McCord (ODI)
Differing Government and Donor Perspectives on Cash Transfer Based Social Protectionin Sub-Saharan Africa: The Implications of EU Social Protection Programming [Update Sept 2010]

Daniele Checchi* (University of Milan and Luca D’Agliano Centre)
Angelica Salvi (University of Milan and Luca D’Agliano Centre)
Does Education Represent a Social Protection for Lifetime in SSA? [Update Sept 2010]

Discussants: Rose Aderolili (UNECA)
Mario Biggeri (University of Florence)


Coffee break


Session 3 – Issues and Challenges for Social Protection in Sub-Saharan Africa

Chair: Djibril Ndiaye Diouf (Ministère de l’enseignement préscolaire de l’élementaire
du moyen-secondaire et de langues nationales, Sénégal)

Cheikh Faye (Consultant, PNUD Dakar)
Revue de la Protection Sociale dans Quelques Pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest

Göran Holmqvist (Nordic Africa Institute)
External Financing of Social Protection: Opportunities and Risks [Update Sept 2010]

Jesse McConnell (Reform Consulting)
Social Protection in a Context of Fragility

Discussants: Jan Orbie (University of Gent)
Andrew Sheriff (ECDPM)


Roundtable: Social Rights Enforceability in Sub-Saharan Africa

Chair: Guido Boni (European University Institute)

Participants: Salvatore Mancuso (University of Macau)
Yaya Diomande (CIPRES)
Cécile Balima (ILO)
Marius Olivier (University of Western Australia)

Day 2: Tuesday 29 June


Session 4 – Insurance

Chair: Luis Frota (ILO)

Daniel Clarke (University of Oxford)
Reinsuring the Poor: Group Microinsurance Design and Costly State Verification

Noemi Pace* (University of Venice)
Agar Brugiavini (University of Venice)
Extending Health Insurance: Effects of the National Health Insurance Scheme in Ghana [Update Sept 2010]

Alain Letourmy (CNRS CERMES)
How to Implement Health Insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Discussants: Marcus Loewe (DIE)
Sarah Jane Danchie (ACET)
Ginette Nzau-Muteta (AFDB)


Coffee break


Session 5 – Country Focus

Chair: Seth Kaplan (Alpha Consulting)

Kenneth Harttgen* (University of Göttingen)
Stephan Klasen (University of Göttingen)
Ingrid Woolard (University of Cape Town)
The Evolution and Impact of Social Security in South Africa [Update Sept 2010]

Mary Mbithi* (University of Nairobi)
Stephen M. Mutinda (University of Nairobi)
Social Protection Status in Developing Countries: The Case of Kenya

Discussants: Mahmood Messkoub (ISS)
Nena Thundu (AUC)


Session 6 – Food Security

Chair: Andrea Goldstein (OECD)

Donato Romano* (University of Florence)
Luca Alinovi (FAO)
Marco D’Errico (FAO)
Erdgin Mane (FAO)
Livelihoods Strategies and Household Resilience to Food Insecurity:
An Empirical Analysis to Kenya

Peter Little (Emory University)
Food Security and Vulnerability among Pastoralist Populations of East Africa

Discussants: Precious Zikhali (SOW-VU)
Damiano Kulundu Manda (AERC)




Session 7 – Social Protection Programme Evaluation: Comparing Different Experiences

Chair: Abdoulaye Diagne (CRES)

Quentin Wodon* (World Bank)
Prospere Backiny-Yetna (World Bank)
Evaluating the Impact of Cash for Work Programmes Using a Light Survey Instrument:
Liberia and Sierra Leone

Catherine Porter (University of Oxford)
Social Protection and Children: A Synthesis of Evidence from the Young Lives Longitudinal Research Programme in Ethiopia, India and Peru

Nicola Hypher (Save the Children)
Lasting Benefits: Cash Transfers and Child Survival in Mozambique, Malawi and Ethiopia

Discussants: Gianni Vaggi (University of Pavia)
Ousmane Badiane (IFPRI)
Marcela Villarreal (FAO)


Coffee Break




Session 8 – Gender Focus

Chair: Thierry Verdier (PSE)

Monique Dinan (MAM, ONG)
A gender wise focus on poverty and social assistance in Mauritius
Presentation [New Version Update 21-07-2010]

Allister McGregor (IDS)
Community Responsive Social Protection: Monitoring Shifting Vulnerabilities for Women and Children in Zambia

Discussants: Elsa Alfai (Ministry for Women and Social Welfare Mozambique)
Ibrahim Solava (University of Manchester)



Day 3: Wednesday 30 June


Session 9 – Country Focus: Responses to Shocks

Chair: Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong (University of South Florida)

Bart van den Boom* (SOW-VU)
Vasco Molini (World Bank)
Precious Zikhali (SOW-VU)
Safety Nets and Production Systems: Evidence from a Pseudo-Panel of Ghanaian Household Data

Tassew Woldehanna (Addis Ababa University)
The impact of idiosyncratic and area-wide shocks on child work in Rural Ethiopia

Discussants: Franklyn Lisk (University of Warwick)
Feridoon Koohi-Kamali (John Jay College, CUNY and European University Institute)


Coffee Break


Session 10 – The Role of Human Capital

Chair: Bina Desai (UN ISDR)

Yaw Nyarko* (New York University and Africa House)
Kwabena Gyimah-Brempong (University of South Florida)
Education, Remittances and Social Safety Nets in SSA [Update Sept 2010]

Rodi Manuelli (Washington University, St. Louis)
The Impact of Health on Human Capital Accumulation and Economic Performance

Discussants: Ramon Marimon (European University Institute),
Falilou Fall (Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et Européennes, France)


Roundtable: Scaling Up Social Protection in Sub-Saharan Africa and EU-Africa Partnership

Chair: Giorgia Giovannetti (European University Institute and University of Florence)

Participants: Sarah Cook (UNRISD)
Pierre Dinan (Consultant)
Alfred Nhema (PADEC)
Edmond Odaba (ACSP Coordinator Kenya)
Diery Seck (Crepol)
Sandór Sipos (World Bank)
Timo Voipio (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland)