Overview of fragilityOverview of fragility

Adam, C., Collier, P. and V. Davies, (2008) Post-Conflict Monetary Reconstruction, The World Bank Economic Review, 22(1), pp. 87-112

Bodea, C. and I.A. Elbadawi (2007) Civil Wars as One of Several Alternative Manifestations of Conflict: Social Fractionalization Matters, available at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCONFLICT/Resources/Manisfestationviolenceapril2007.pdf

Boyce, J. K. (2004) Aid, Conditionality, and War Economies, Working Papers 2004-05, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Economics

Cammack, D., McLeod, D., Rocha Menocal, A. and K. Christiansen (2006) Donors and the ‘Fragile States’ Agenda: A Survey of Current Thinking and Practice, ODI Report,

Chauvet, L. and P. Collier, (2005) Development Effectiveness in Fragile States: Spillovers and Turnarounds , Centre for the Study of African Economies, Oxford

Collier, P. and A. Hoeffler, (2007) Military Spending and the Risks of Coups d’Etats, Oxford University Mimeo

Collier, P., Hoeffler, A. and M. Soderbom, (2006) Post-Conflicts Risks, Centre for the Study of African Economies,Working Paper Series N. 2206-12

Davies, V. A.B. (2007) Capital Flight and War, Policy Research Working Paper Series 4210, The World Bank.

de Soysa, I. and E.Neumayer (2007) Disarming fears of diversity : ethnic heterogeneity and state militarization, 1988-2002, Policy Research Working Paper Series 4221, The World Bank

Debiel, T. and U. Terlinden, (2004) Promote Good Governance in Post-Conflict Societies, GTZ Division State and Democracy Project on Democracy and the Rule of Law Discussion paper

DFID (2005) Why We Need to Work More Effectively in Fragile States, UK Department for International Development Report

Elbadawi, I.A., Kaltani, L. and K. Schmidt-Hebbel (2006) Post-Conflict Aid, Real Exchange Rate Adjustment, and Catch-up Growth, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper N. 4187

Emizet, K. and L. Ndikumana, (2003) The Economics of Civil War: The Case of the Democratic Republic of Congo , Working Papers wp63, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Fritz , V. and A. Rocha Menocal (2006) (Re)building Developmental States: From Theory to Practise, ODI Working paper N. 274

Gahni, A. and C. Lockhart (2006) Rethinking Nation-Building, ODI Opinions N. 63

Gahni, A., Lockhart, C. and M. Carnahan (2005) Closing the Sovereignty Gap : How to Turn Failed States into Capable Ones, ODI Opinions N. 44

Gahni, A., Lockhart, C. and M. Carnahan (2005) Closing the Sovereignty Gap : An Approach to State-Building, ODI working paper N. 253

Gleditsch, N. P., Christiansen, L. S. and H. Hegre, (2007) Democratic Jihad? Military Intervention and Democracy, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4242

Hegre, H. and C. Raleigh (2006) Population Size, Concentration and Civil War: A Geographically Disaggregated Analysis, PRIO working paper

Kaplan, S.D. (2008) Fixing Fragile States: A New Paradigm for Development, Praeger Security International, Wesport

Leader, N. and P. Colenso (2005) Aid Instruments in Fragile States, PRDE Working Paper 5 , UK Department For International Development

Levin, V. and D. Dollar (2005) The Forgotten States: Aid Volumes and Volatility in Difficult partnership Countries (1992-2002), Summary Paper Prepared for DAC Learning And Advisory Process On Difficult Partnerships

Lockhart, C. (2006) From Aid Effectiveness to Development Effectiveness, Strategy and Policy Coherence in Fragile States, background paper prepared for the Senior Level Forum on Development Effectiveness in Fragile States, ODI, London

Mathisen, H. (2007) Addressing corruption in fragile states: what role for donors?, U4 Anti-Corruption Centre, Christian Michelsen Institute

McGillivray, M. (2005) Aid Allocation and Fragile States, Background Paper for the Senior Level Forum on Development Effectiveness in Fragile States 13-14 January 2005, Lancaster House, London

Moreno Torres, M. and M. Anderson, (2004) Fragile States: Defining Difficult Environments for Poverty Reduction, PRDE Working Paper, UK Department for International Development

Ndikumana, L. (2005) Distributional Conflict, The State, and Peacebuilding in Burundi , Working Papers wp105, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

OECD (2008) Concepts and Dilemmas of State Building in Fragile Situations: From Fragility to Resilience, OECD/DAC Discussion Paper

OECD (2008) Service Delivery in Fragile Situations: Key Concepts, Findings and Lessons, OECD/DAC Discussion Paper

Picciotto, R., Alao, C., Ikpe, E., Kimani, M. and R. Slade (2005) Striking a New Balance: Donor Policy Coherence and development Cooperation in Difficult Environments, background paper commissioned by the Learning and Advisory Process on Difficult Partnerships of the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD

Raleigh, C. (2007), Civil War Risk in Democratic and Non-Democratic Neighbourhoods, available at http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTCONFLICT/Resources/NeighborsRaleigh.pdf

Stanley, R. (2007) Why are Civil Wars in Africa more difficult for governments to win? Civil war outcomes and sub-Saharan Africa, Oxford University Mimeo

The North-South Institute (2008) Canadian Development Report 2008 – Fragile States or Failling development, Renouf Publishing Co. Ltd.: Ottawa

Thornton, N. and M.Cox (2008) Developing Poverty Reduction Strategies in Low-Income Countries Under Stress (LICUS), Agulhas Development Consultants

USAID (2005) Fragile State Strategy, USAID Report January 2005

World Bank (2004) Making Aid Work in Fragile States: Case Studies of Effective Aid-Financed Programs’, World Bank, Washington

Links to Selected Internet Resources:

Canadian Consortium on Human Security, University of British Columbia

Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity, University of Oxford

Centre for the Study of Civil War

Conflict Analysis Resources, Royal Holloway, University of London

Conflict Analysis Resource Center, CERAC

Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction, The World Bank

Conflict Research Group, Ghent University

Eldis Conflict and Security Guide, Institute of Development Studies

Family Life Surveys, A RAND Labor and Population Program

Households in Conflict Network

The HPCR Conflict Prevention Initiative, Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research

Institute for Conflict Analysis & Resolution, George Mason University

International Conflict Research, University of Ulster

International Household Survey Network

A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict (MICROCON)

MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base, National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism

New Security Programme, Fafo

Order, Conflict and Violence, Yale Center for International and Area Studies

Polarization & Conflict

Refugee Livelihoods Network, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

Swiss Peace

United States Institute of Peace