Causes and consequences of fragilityCauses and consequences of fragility

Curse of natural resources

Ades, A. and R. Di Tella (1999) Rents, Competition , and Corruption, American Economic Review , 89 (4 ), pp. 982-993

Baland, J. and P. Francois (2000) Rent seeking and Resource Booms, Journal of Economic Development, 61, pp. 527-542.

Lane, P. and A. Tornell (1996) Power, Growth and the Voracity Effect, Journal of Economic Growth, 1, pp. 213-241.

Mehlum, H., Moene, K. and R. Torvick (2006) Institutions and the Resource Curse, The Economic Journal, 116 (508), pp. 1-20

Mikesell, R. (1998) Explaining the Resource Curse, with special reference to mineral-exporting countries, Resources Policy, 23, pp.191-199.

Ross, M. (2002) Natural Resources and Civil War: an Overview with Some Policy Options, mimeo.

Sachs, J.D. and A.M. Warner (2001) The curse of natural resources European Economic Review, 45, pp. 827-838.

Tornell, A. and P. Lane (1999) The voracity effect, American Economic Review, 89, pp. 22-46.

Africa’s Poverty Trap

Easterly, W. (2006) The Big Push Déjà vu: A Review of Jeffrey Sachs’s The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, Journal of Economics Literature, 44(1), pp. 96-105

Easterly, W. (2005) Reliving the 50s: The Big Push, Poverty Traps, and Takeoffs in Economic Development, Centre for global Development Working Paper N. 65/2005

Kraay, A. And Raddatz, C. (2007) Poverty Traps, Aid and Growth, Journal of Development Economics, 28(2), pp. 315-347

Sachs, J. D. et al. (2004) Ending Africa’s Poverty Trap, Brookings papers on Economic Activity

The effectiveness of international aid.

Alesina A. and D. Dollar (2000) Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?, Journal of Economic Growth, 5 (1), 33-63

Barro, R.J. and J.W. Lee (2005) IMF Programs: Who is Chosen and What are the Effects? Journal of Monetary Economics, 52, pp. 1245-1269.

Boone, P. (1996), Politics and the effectiveness of foreign aid, European Economic Review, 40(2), pp. 289-329

Burnside C. and D. Dollar (2000) Aid, Policies and Growth, American Economic Review, 90 (4), pp. 847-88.

Collier, P and J. Dehn (2001) Aid, Shocks and Growth, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series N. 2688

Collier, P. and D. Dollar (2002) Aid Allocation and Poverty Reduction, European Economic Review, 46(8), pp. 1475-1500

Cordella, T. and G. Dell’ Ariccia (2007), Budget Support versus Project Aid, The Economic Journal, 117, pp. 1260-1279

Dalgaard, C.J., Hansen, H. and F. Tarp (2004) On the Empirics of Foreign Aid and Growth, The Economic Journal, 114 , pp. 191-216

Dicks-Mireaux, L., M. Mecagni and S. Shandler (2000) Evaluating the Effect of IMF Lending to Low-Income Countries, Journal of Development Economics, 61, pp. 495-526.

Djankov, S. Montalvo, J.G and M. Reynal-Querol (2008) The curse of aid, Journal of Economic Growth, 13(3), pp. 169-194

Djankov, S., Montalvo, Jose G. and Reynal-Querol, M. (2009) Aid With Multiple Personalities, forthcoming in the Journal of Comparative Economics

Easterly W., Levine R. and D. Roodman. (2004) New Data, New Doubts: A Comment on Burnside and Dollar’s “Aid, Policies, and Growth”, American Economic Review, 94(3), pp. 774-780

Hansen, H. and F. Tarp (2001) Aid and Growth Regressions, Journal of Development Economics , 64 (2), pp. 547-57.

Knack, S. (2001) Aid dependence and the Quality of Governance: a Cross Country Empirical Test, Southern Economic Journal, 68, pp. 310-329.

Rajan, R.G, and A. Subramanian (2008) Aid and Growth: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?, Review of Economics and Statistics, 90 (4), pp. 643-665

Reinikka, R. and J. Svensson (2004) Local Capture: Evidence from a Central Government Transfer Program in Uganda, Quarterly Journal of Economics,119 (2), pp. 679-706

Roodman, D. (2007) The Anarchy of Numbers: Aid, Development, and Cross-Country Empirics, Center for Global Development Working Paper N. 32

Svensson, J. (1999) Aid, Growth and Democracy, Economics and Politics, 11(3), pp. 275-297

Svensson, J. (2000) Foreign Aid and Rent-Seeking, Journal of International Economics, 51, pp. 437-461

Svensson, J. (2003), Why Conditional Aid does not Work and What can be Done about it?, Journal of Development Economics, 70, pp. 381-402.


Abadie, A. and J. Gardeazabal (2003) The conomic Costs of Conflict: A Case Study of the Basque Country, American Economic Review, 93 (1), pp. 113-132

Caselli, F. and J. Coleman (2006) On the theory of ethnic Conflict, NBER Working Paper 12125.

Collier, P., and A. Hoeffler (2004) Greed and Grievances in Civil Wars, Oxford Economic Papers, 56(4), pp. 563-595.

Collier, P., Elliot, L., Hegre, H., Reynal-Querol, M., and N. Sambanis. (2003) Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy, World Bank Policy Research Report, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press

Easterly, W. and R. Levin (1997) Africa’s Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112, pp. 1203-1250.

Fearon J. and D. Laitin (2003) Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War, American Political Science Review, 97(1), pp. 75-90.

Fearon, J. (2005) Primary Commodity Exports and Civil War, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49 (4), pp. 483:507

Grossman, H.I (1994) Production, Appropriation, and Land Reform, American Economic Review, 84, pp. 705-712.

Grossman, H.I and M. Kim (1996) Predation and Accumulation, Journal of economic Growth 1(3), pp. 333-351.

Harff, B. (2003) No Lessons Learned from Holocaust? Assesssing Risks of Genocide and Political Mass Murder since 1955, American Political Science Review, 97(1 ), pp. 57-73.

Miguel, E. and G. Roland (2006), The Long Run impact of Bombing Vietnam, NBER Working Papers N. 11954

Miguel, E., Satyanath, S. and E. Sergenti (2004) Economic Shocks and Civil Conflicts: an Instrumental Variables Approach, Journal of Political Economy, 112, pp. 725-753

Montalvo, J.G. and M. Reynal-Querol (2005) Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict, and Civil Wars, American Economic Review, 95(3), pp. 796-816.

Montalvo, J.G. and M. Reynal-Querol (2005) Fighting against Malaria: Prevent Wars While Waiting for the “Miraculous” Vaccine, Review of Economic and Statistics, 89 (1), pp. 165-177

Reynal-Querol, M. (2002) Ethnicity, Political Systems, and Civil Wars, Journal of Conflict Resolution, 46(1), pp. 29-54

Skaperdas, S. (1992) Cooperation, Conflict, and Power in the Absence of Property Rights, American Economic Review, 82, pp. 720-739.