Final Report

The ERD 2009, Overcoming Fragility in Africa – Forging a New European Approach is available in English and in all other offiicial languages of the European Union (except Gaelic), and also in Chinese and Arabic.

Download the Full Report in English [2,7 MB]

Other Languages Version

pdf VAINCRE LA FRAGILITÉ EN AFRIQUE [3,3 MB]

pdf FRAGILITÄT IN AFRIKA ÜBERWINDEN [3,6 MB]

pdf ПРЕОДОЛЯВАНЕ НА НЕСТАБИЛНОСТТА В АФРИКА [3,7 MB]

pdf BOJ S NESTABILITOU V AFRICE [2,6 MB]

pdf AFHJÆLPNING AF SKRØBELIGHED I AFRIKA [2,7 MB]

pdf ΑΝΤΙΜΕΤΩΠΙΣΗ ΤΗΣ ΑΣΤΑΘΕΙΑΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΑΦΡΙΚΗ [3,8 MB]

pdf SUPERAR LA FRAGILIDAD DE ÁFRICA [3,2 MB]

pdf RIIKIDE NÕRKUSEST ÜLESAAMINE AAFRIKAS [2,7 MB]

pdf LISÄÄ VAKAUTTA AFRIKKAAN [3,7 MB]

pdf A TÖRÉKENYSÉG LEKÜZDÉSE AFRIKÁBAN [3,3 MB]

pdf SUPERARE LA FRAGILITÀ IN AFRICA [3,4 MB]

pdf SILPNUMO ĮVEIKIMAS AFRIKOJE [3,3 MB]

pdf NESTABILITĀTES PĀRVARĒŠANA ĀFRIKĀ [3,9 MB]

pdf GĦELIB TAL-FRAĠILITÀ FL-AFRIKA [2,9 MB]

pdf DE FRAGILITEIT IN AFRIKA OVERWINNEN [2,9 MB]

pdf PRZEZWYCIĘŻANIE NIESTABILNOŚCI W FRYCE [3,6 MB]

pdf ULTRAPASSAR A FRAGILIDADE DE ÁFRICA [3,2 MB]

pdf DEPĂŞIREA INSTABILITĂŢII ÎN AFRICA [2,8 MB]

pdf PREKONÁVANIE NESTABILITY V AFRIKE [3,5 MB]

pdf PREMAGOVANJE ŠIBKOSTI V AFRIKI [2,7 MB]

Overcoming Fragility in Africa [Arabic Version, 3,3 MB ]
Overcoming Fragility in Africa [Chinese Version, 6,3 MB ]

English version report by chapters:

pdf Foreword [86 KB]

pdf Acknowledgements [64 KB]

pdf Table of Contents [130 KB]

pdf Acronyms [53 KB]

pdf Overview [213 KB]

pdf Chapter 1. State Fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa: Costs and Challenges [350 KB]

pdf Chapter 2. Characteristics of Fragile States [305 KB]

pdf Chapter 3. The Historical Roots of State Fragility [177 KB]

pdf Chapter 4. Economic Factors Can Magnify Fragility [287 KB]

pdf Chapter 5. Fragility versus Resilience [142 KB]

pdf Chapter 6. Africa’s Fragile States Hit Hard by the Global Financial Crisis [297 KB]

pdf Chapter 7. State-building and Social Cohesion

pdf Chapter 8. EU Policies to Address Fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa [314 KB]

pdf Chapter 9. Conclusions – Priorities and Prescriptions [232 KB]

pdf References [299 KB]

pdf Annex [58 KB]