Workshop: Florence – Italy, 16-17 April

Transforming Political Structures: Security, Institutions, and Regional Integration Mechanisms

The ERD-project is financially supported by the European Commission and five Member States: Finland, Luxembourg, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom

Introduction

Countries in situation of fragility are often characterized by a fundamental lack of effective state capacity and ability to provide vital public services. Hence, in many of such countries, there is a pressing need to build, or transform, political structures and institutional capacity. Furthermore, a large and often overlooked role is played by the existing informal institutions (such as black markets). The workshop aims at suggesting steps to be undertaken to build capacity and/or institutions in these countries. Moreover, fragility makes security as a central dimension of development. Firstly, development assistance cannot reach recipients, if basic security conditions are not met. Secondly, development assistance in contexts of fragility is ambiguous as it faces the constant risk of enforcing insecurity or fueling renewed violence. Thirdly, fragile context can give rise to considerable threats of regional or (as in the case of piracy) even global reach. The protection of civilians and development workers, as well as careful conflict prevention strategies becomes central components of the design of development policies.
The challenges and the trade-offs of regional mechanisms to state building are also analyzed, together with an assessment of the process of regional integration in Africa and Europe. In particular, the workshop addresses the issues of whether and how the European Union influences the process of regional integration in Africa.
In discussing concepts and emerging doctrines of institution-building and security-promotion strategies, as well as a range of (positive and negative) case studies of development assistance in African countries and regional integration, the conference aims at developing guidelines for shaping effective EU policies.
The challenge for the international community is to develop long-term strategies focused on building effective and accountable states, that recognize the need for flexibility and are not limited to the post-crisis/conflict phase. The workshop brings policy practitioners and leading international academic experts from Development Economics, Development Studies, Security Studies and International Relations from Europe, North America and Africa together to reflect on these challenges and to find adequate responses from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Programme

Day 1 – 16th April The Challenges of the Security-Development Nexus

8:30 – 9:00 Registration of participants

9:00 – 10:00 Opening remarks

Introduction
Giorgia Giovannetti (European University Institute and University of Firenze) [presentation ]

Welcome address by the European Commission
Françoise Moreau (European Commission DG Development and Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific States)

Welcome address by EUI
Stefano Bartolini (Director, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, EUI)

Outline of Day 1
Pascal Vennesson (European University Institute)

10:00 – 10:45 Chair: Stefano Bartolini (European University Institute)

Christian Büger (European University Institute) and Pascal Vennesson (European University Institute)The Security-Development Nexus and EU’s Development Policy[presentation ]

Discussant: Keith Krause (Graduate Institute for International Studies)

10:45-11:00 coffee break

11:00-13:00 Chair: Ramon Marimon (European University Institute)

Michael Barnett (University of Minnesota)
Fragility, the Peacebuilder’s Contract, and the Search for the Least Bad State

Maurizio Carbone (University of Glasgow)
Desperately looking for policy coherence: aid and security in the development policy of the European Union
[presentation ]

Discussants: Des Gasper (Institute of Social Studies, the Hague) and Jean-Pierre Cassarino (ILO International Training Centre, Turin)

13:00-14:15 lunch

14:15-16:15 Chair: Luigi Guiso (European University Institute)

Necla Tschirgi (Centre for International Policy Studies, Univ. of Ottawa)
The Security-Politics-Development Nexus: the Lessons of State-Building in Sub-Saharan Africa

Beatrice Pouligny (Science-PO CERI)
State-society relations and intangible dimensions of state resilience and state building: a bottom-up perspective

Discussants: Tobias Debiel (Institute of Development and Peace) and Anna Schmidt (Institute for Development Studies)

16:15-16:45 coffee break

16:45-18:45 Chair: Pascal Vennesson (European University Institute)

Niagale Bagayoko-Penone (Institute for Development Studies, University of Sussex)
Multi-level governance and security: the European Union support to security sector reform (SSR) processes
[presentation ]

Emmanuel Fanta (UNU-CRIS)
The Capacity of Regional Integration for Peace and Security

Discussants: Yves A. Chouala (University of Yaoundé II) and José Garcia Montalvo (University Pompeu Fabra and CREMed)

19:00 cocktail

20:30 dinner

Day 2 – 17th April – Institution building and Regional Integration as Policy Responses

9:00 – 9:15

Outline of Day 2
Thierry Verdier (Paris School of Economics)

9:15 – 11:00 Chair: Thierry Verdier

Augustin K. Fosu (World Institute for Development Economics Research, WIDER)
Institutions, Governance and Economic Development in Africa: an Overview
[presentation ]

Mina Baliamoune-Lutz (University of North Florida)
Institutions, Trade and Social Cohesion in Fragile States
[presentation ]

Discussants: Graziella Bertocchi (University of Modena and Reggio Emilia) [discussion 1 ][discussion 2 ] and Fabrizio Coricelli (Paris School of Economics) [discussion ]

11:0011:15 coffee break

11:15 -13:00 Chair: Giorgia Giovannetti (European University Institute and University of Firenze)

Verena Fritz (World Bank)
An Overview of Public Sector Governance in Fragile States
[presentation ]

Tanja A. Börzel (Freie Universität Berlin)
Transformative Power Europe? The EU Promotion of Good Governance in Areas of Limited Statehood

Discussants: John O. Oucho (Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, University of Warwick) and James Darcy (Overseas Development Institute)

13:15-14:30 lunch

14:30 -16:15 Chair: Simone Bertoli (European University Institute)

Seth Kaplan (Alpha International Consulting)
West African Regionalism: A New Development Paradigm?
[presentation ]

Faustin Mukela Luanga (World Trade Organization)
Regional Integration in Africa: what has been done and what needs to be done
[presentation ]

Discussants: Sanjeev Gupta (International Monetary Fund) [discussion ] and Lucia Tajoli (Politecnico di Milano) [discussion ]

16:1516:30 coffee break

16:30 -18:00 Round Table – Institution and Regional Integration Mechanisms in fragile African countries moderated by Giorgia Giovannetti (European University Institute and University of Firenze) [presentation]

Roderick Abbott (European University Institute), François Bourguignon (Paris School of Economics), Richard Gibb (University of Plymouth), Sven Grimm (DIE, German Development Institute – / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik ), J. Allister McGregor (Institute of Development Studies), Gianmarco Ottaviano (Bocconi University).