Workshop: Cambridge, United Kingdom, 17-18 March

Food crisis and the development potential of the agricultural sector in fragile countries

 

This workshop aims at understanding the role of agriculture and commodity markets in countries in situation of fragility. Food insecurity usually stems from a combination of structural and triggering factors, as well as domestic and external forces. The workshop will explore and provide an overview of the factors at stake in the African continent and, more specifically, in African countries with fragile state institutions. The presentations focus on the impact on poverty, social stability and food-security of long-term processes such as the ‘deagrarianization’ transition, income diversification, global reforms and trends in trade and capital markets.

At the same time, the workshop also deals with the role of the food price dynamics, investigating the poverty impact of the recent international food price shock as well as the driving food price determinants across African countries and in some country-cases. Since the welfare effects of a food crisis are also shaped by national coping strategies and external assistance, the workshop hosts papers on domestic and international responses in specific contexts, such as food relief in protracted crisis. Furthermore it explores the potential of leveraging rich endowments of agricultural and natural resource commodities to prompt a sustainable and shared process of economic development.

The debate over the two day workshop will be functional to draw policy implications in terms of national actions and donors’ engagement. Moreover, it will also look at the consequences in terms of global trade, financial flows, labour market rules and governance.

Programme

Day 1 – 17 March

08:30-09:00 Registration of participants

09:00-10:15 Opening remarks

Introduction
Giorgia Giovannetti (University of Firenze and European University Institute)

Welcome address by the European Commission
Françoise Moreau (European Commission, DG Development and Relations with African,
Caribbean and Pacific States)

Welcome address by the University of Cambridge
Shailaja Fennell (University of Cambridge)

10:15-11:15 Chair: Giorgia Giovannetti (University of Firenze and European University Institute)

Alexander Sarris
* (Food and Agriculture Organization) and
George Rapsomanikis (Food and Agriculture Organization)
Agricultural Commodity Markets in African Agriculture
Discussant: Luca Salvatici (University of Molise)

11:15-11:30 Coffee break

11:30-13:15 Chair: Alexander Sarris (Food and Agriculture Organization)

Luca Alinovi
* (Food and Agriculture Organization) and
Luca Russo (Food and Agriculture Organization)
Features of Food Systems and Food Insecurity in Fragile States: Policy Implications

Andrew Mold
* (OECD Development Centre) and
Annalisa Prizzon (OECD Development Centre)
Explaining Africa’s Recent Export Performance and the Limited Gains from the Commodity Boom
Discussants: Donato Romano (University of Firenze) and
Pramila Krishnan (University of Cambridge)

13:15-14:15 Lunch

14:15-16:00 Chair: William A. Amponsah (Georgia Southern University)

Quentin Wodon
* (World Bank) and
Hassan Zaman (World Bank)
Higher Food Prices in Sub-Saharan Africa: Poverty Impact and Policy Responses

Dick Durevall
* (University of Gothenburg),
Josef Loening (World Bank) and
Yohannes Ayalew Birru (University of Sussex)
Inflation Dynamics and Food Prices in an Agricultural Economy: The Case of Ethiopia
Nadia Cuffaro (University of Cassino) and
George Rapsomanikis (Food and Agriculture Organization)

16:00-16:30 Coffee break

16:30-18:15 Round Table – Fragile countries facing food and oil shocks – the boom and the bust
Moderator: Giorgia Giovannetti (University of Firenze and European University Institute)

Luca Alinovi (Food and Agriculture Organization),
William A. Amponsah (Georgia Southern University),
Marc Debois (DG Development and Relations with ACP States, European Commission),
Andrew Mold (OECD Development Centre),
Luca Salvatici (University of Molise) and

19:30 Dinner

Day 2 – 18 March

09:00-09.45 Chair: Donato Romano (University of Firenze)

Samuel Gayi
(UNCTAD)
WTO and the Challenges for African Agriculture
Discussant: Lelio Iapadre (University of L’Aquila and Johns Hopkins)

09:45-11.15 Short presentations
Chair: Shailaja Fennell (University of Cambridge)

Ulf Narloch
* (University of Cambridge) and
Unai Pascual (University of Cambridge)
Modeling Household Decisions on Agrobiodiversity and Livelihood Diversification under Climatic Risk:
Lessons from Eastern Ethiopia

Kato Lambrechts (Christian Aid)
Building Resilient Food Production in Fragile States

Dwijen Rangnekar (University of Warwick)
Protecting Plant Varieties in Kenya

Zoltan Tiba (University of Cambridge)
‘New Famine’ and Political Fragility: The Case of Malawi

11:15-11.30 Coffee break

11:30-13:15 Chair: Wendy Harcourt (Society for International Development, Rome)
Deborah Bryceson (Glasgow University),
Shailaja Fennell (University of Cambridge),
Prabirjit Sarkar (University of Cambridge) and
Ajit Singh * (University of Cambridge),
Globalisation, Structural Adjustment and African Agriculture: Analytical and Policy Issues

Carlos Oya
(School of Oriental and African Studies)
A Wage-Labour Path Out of Rural Poverty? Wage Labour Diversity in Rural Africa
Discussant: Liu Min Quan (Center for Human and Economic Development Studies, Peking University)

13:15 Lunch

Conference Papers

Samuel Gayi (UNCTAD) and Milasoa Cherel-Robson (UNCTAD)
WTO and the Challenges for African Agriculture

Alexander Sarris (Food and Agriculture Organization) and George Rapsomanikis (Food and Agriculture Organization)
Agricultural Commodity Markets in African Agriculture

Andrew Mold (OECD Development Centre) and Annalisa Prizzon (OECD Development Centre)
Explaining Africa’s Recent Export Performance and the Limited Gains from the Commodity Boom

Luca Alinovi (Food and Agriculture Organization) and Luca Russo (Food and Agriculture Organization)
Features of food systems and food insecurity in fragile States: policy implications

Quentin Wodon (World Bank) and Hassan Zaman (World Bank)
Higher Food Prices in Sub-Saharan Africa : Poverty Impact and Policy Responses [The paper is available from the World Bank website]

Dick Durevall (GöteborgUniversity), Josef Loening (World Bank) and Yohannes Ayalew Birru (University of Sussex)
Inflation Dynamics and Food Prices in an Agricultural Economy: The Case of Ethiopia

Ulf Narloch (University of Cambridge) and Unai Pascual (University of Cambridge)
Modeling Household Decisions on Agrobiodiversity and Livelihood Diversification under Climatic Risk: Lessons from Eastern Ethiopia [send a request to the author for a copy of the paper: ugn20@hermes.cam.ac.uk]

Dwijen Rangnekar (University of Warwick)
Protecting Plant Varieties in Kenya

Dwijen Rangnekar (University of Warwick)
Assessing the economic implications of different models for implementing the requirement to protect plant varieties: A case study of Kenya.

Ajit Singh (University of Cambridge), Prabirjit Sarkar (University of Cambridge), Deborah Bryceson (Glasgow University) and Shailaja Fennel (University of Cambridge)
Globalisation and African Agriculture: Challenges and Opportunities